Bruce McLaren

From WOI Encyclopedia Italia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bruce McLaren
Nationality 22px-Flag of New Zealand.png New Zealander
Years 1958 - 1970
Team(s) McLaren, Cooper, Eagle
Races 104
Championships 0
Wins 4
Podiums 27
Poles 0
Fastest laps 3
First race 1960 German Grand Prix
First win 1959 American Grand Prix
Last win 1965 Mexican Grand Prix
Last race 1967 Monaco Grand Prix

Bruce Leslie McLaren (30 August 19372 June 1970), born in Auckland, New Zealand, was a race-car designer, driver, engineer and inventor.

His name lives on in Team McLaren which has been one of the most successful in Formula One championship history, with McLaren cars and drivers winning a total of 19 world championships. McLaren cars totally dominated CanAm sports car racing with 56 wins between 1967 and 1972 (and five constructors’ championships), and have won three Indianapolis 500 races, as well as LeMans 24 hours and Sebring 12 hours.

As a nine year old, McLaren contracted a disease in his hip which left his left leg shorter than the right. He spent two years in traction, but later often had a slight limp.

Les and Ruth McLaren, his parents, owned a service station and workshop in Remuera, Auckland. Bruce spent all of his free hours hanging around the workshop.

Les McLaren restored an aging Austin 7 Ulster which young Bruce used in 1952, aged 14, when he entered his first competition, a hillclimb. Two years later he took part in his first real race and showed promise. He moved up from the Austin to a Ford 10 special and Austin-Healey, then a F2 Cooper-Climax sports. He immediately began to modify and improve it—and master it—so much so that he was runner-up in the 1957–8 New Zealand championship series.

His performance in the New Zealand Grand Prix in 1958 was noted by great Australian driver Jack Brabham (who would later invite McLaren to drive for him). Because of his obvious potential the New Zealand International Grand Prix organisation selected him for its ‘Driver in Europe’ scheme designed to give a promising Kiwi driver year-round experience with the best in the world. McLaren was the first recipient and Denis Hulme was another later.

McLaren went to Cooper and stayed seven years. He raced in F2 and was entered in the German Grand Prix at the Nurburgring in which F2 and F1 cars competed together. He astounded the motor racing fraternity by being first F2, and fifth overall, in a field of the best drivers in the world.

McLaren joined the Cooper factory F1 team alongside Jack Brabham in 1959 and won the 1959 United States Grand Prix at age 22, becoming the youngest ever GP winner up to that time. He followed that with a win in the Argentina Grand Prix, the first race of the 1960 Fomula One season. (Forty three years later, another Kiwi racer, Scott Dixon, would become the youngest ever winner in any major open-wheel racing formula anywhere in the world when he won the Indycar Lehigh Valley GP in the US when 20 years, 9 months and 14 days old.)

McLaren won the Monaco Grand Prix in 1962. The next year he founded Bruce McLaren Motor Racing Ltd, which remains in the Formula One championship simply as McLaren. McLaren continued to race and win in Coopers (including the New Zealand GP in 1964).

McLaren left Cooper at the end of 1965, and announced his own GP racing team, with co-driver and fellow Kiwi Chris Amon. Amon left in 1967 to drive for Ferrari. In 1968, McLaren was joined by fellow Kiwi Denis Hulme, who had become world champion in 1967. McLaren won his first GP in his own McLaren car at Spa in 1968 and Hulme won twice in the McLaren-Ford. In tribute to his homeland, McLaren's cars featured the "speedy Kiwi" logo.

It was in powerful sports car racing where McLaren's design flair and ingenuity were graphically demonstrated. Just as the CanAm Series began to become very popular with fans in Canada and the US, the new McLaren cars finished second twice, and third twice, in six races.

In 1967 they won five of six races and in 1968, four of six. The following year McLaren’s proved unbeatable, winning 11 of 11 races. In one race, they finished 1-2-3. (McLaren, Hulme and Dan Gurney).

Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in his own CanAm car at the Goodwood Circuit in June 2 1970 in England. He was testing his new M8D at Goodwood when it left the track at high speed and hit a flag station. At first the loss was unfathomable, but the legacy he left - thoroughness, clear thinking and hard work - carried the team to yet another year of Can-Am domination.

24 Hours of Le Mans winners
Eight-time Tom Kristensen
Six-time Jacky Ickx
Five-time Derek Bell · Frank Biela · Emanuele Pirro
Four-time Yannick Dalmas · Olivier Gendebien · Henri Pescarolo
Three-time Woolf Barnato  ·Rinaldo Capello ·Luigi Chinetti ·Hurley Haywood · Phil Hill  · Al Holbert  · Klaus Ludwig ·Marco Werner
Two-time Henry Birkin ·

Ivor Bueb · Ron Flockhart · Jean-Pierre Jaussaud · Gérard Larrousse · JJ Lehto · Allan McNish · Manuel Reuter · André Rossignol · Raymond Sommer · Hans-Joachim Stuck · Gijs van Lennep · Jean-Pierre Wimille

One-time Aïello ·

Alboreto · Amon · Ara · Attwood · Baldi · Bandini · Barilla · Barth · Benjafield · Benoist · Bianchi · Bloch · Blundell · Bouchut · Brabham · Brundle · Chaboud · Clement · Cobb · Davis · de Courcelles · Dickens · Duff · Dumfries · Étancelin · Fontés · Foyt · Frère · Gachot · González · Gregory · Guichet · Gurney · Hamilton · Hawthorn · Hélary · Herbert · Herrmann · G. Hill · Hindmarsh · Howe · Johansson · Jones · Kidston · Krages · Lagache · Lammers · Lang · Léonard · Marko · Martini · Mass · McLaren · Mitchell-Thomson · Nielsen · Nuvolari · Oliver · Ortelli · Pironi · Riess · Rindt · Rodríguez · Rolt · Rondeau · J. Rosier · L. Rosier · Rubin · Salvadori · Sanderson · Scarfiotti · Schuppan · Sekiya · Shelby · Smith · Trémoulet · Trintignant · Vaccarella · Veyron · Walker · Wallace · Warwick · Weidler · Whitehead · B. Whittington · D. Whittington · Winkelhock · Wurz