Jump to: navigation, search

Fiat 850

FIAT850.jpg1973 Fiat 850 Spider at Wheels Of Italy
Fiat 850
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1964-1973
Predecessor
Successor Fiat 127
Fiat 133
Class
Platform
Layout RR layout
Body style coupe/sedan
spider
station wagon
van
Engine 817 cc straight-4
843 cc straight-4
903 cc straight-4
Wheelbase 2025 mm
Length 3575 mm (saloon)
3735 mm (familiare)
Width 1385 mm (saloon)
1500 mm (familiare)
Height 1385 mm (saloon)
1655 mm (familiare)
Fuel capacity 8.5 impgal
Transmission 4 speed manual: synchromesh on top 3 ratios
(earlier models)
4 speed manual: all- synchromesh
(later models)
Related SEAT 850
SEAT/Fiat 133
Siata Spring


The Fiat 850 was a small rear-engined rear wheel drive car in the tradition of the Renault Dauphine and was produced between 1964 and 1973.

Overview

Its technical design was an evolution of the very successful Fiat 600. The internal name for the Fiat 600 development project was "Project 100" and consequently, the internal Fiat codename for the 850 project was 100G (G for the Italian word Grande - big). The engine of the 850 was based on that of the Fiat 600, but had its capacity increased to 843 cm³. The 850 came in two versions: "normale" (standard) with 34 HP and "super" with 37 HP. The maximum speed was approximately 125 km/h. While it was not a large step forward in technical development, it possessed a certain charm with its large rolling eyes and its short tail, in which the engine sat.

Front view of the sedan version
Rear view of the sedan version

Variants

The 850 family included several body styles with similar technical components underneath and derived from the 600 Multipla.

  • Fiat 850 Coupé
The Coupé was introduced for the first time 1965 on the Geneva Motor Show and had the original 843 cm³ engine tuned to produce 47 HP. The maximum speed at that time was 135 km/h.
  • Fiat 850 Spider
At the same time as the Coupé also the convertible sporty two-seater Spider was presented, again with the original 843 cm³ engine tuned to produce 49 HP which allowed it to reach a top speed of 145 km/h . It was sketched by the designstudio Bertone and was also completely built by them. The folding roof section made of fabric could be stowed away completely under a rear flap.

note: The Sedan, Coupé, and Spider were marketed in the United States at that time with a reduced capacity 817 cm³ engine, in order to meet emissions regulations.

  • Fiat 850 Special
Revised version of the 850 sedan, launched in 1968. It shared the 47 HP engine of 850 Coupé, and offered front disc brakes, sport steering wheel and improved trim. With a 25 percent increase in power, plus disc brakes nestled behind 13" wheels, it was a "sport sedan" in the vein of the BMW 2002, albeit on a smaller scale.

In order to separate the sportier variants Coupé and Spider from the basic version, apart from the increase of engine performance, the equipment was also extended and adapted to the higher expectations. Both received sport seats, a sport steering wheel and round speedometer; Spider even received a completely rearranged instrument panel. The previous drum brakes were replaced by better disc brakes.

1968 Fiat revised the success models Coupé and Spider again and gave them an even stronger engine with 903 cm³ and 52 HP. They were now called Sport Spider and Sport Coupé. They are today considered classics.

Besides there was a transporter model as a successor of the Fiat 600 Multipla, which was later renamed to 900T and likewise received the larger capacity of 903 cm³.

The production of the Coupés was stopped in 1971, of the sedan in 1972 and of the Spiders in 1973, after alltogether nearly 2.3 million models were sold world-wide. Under the name SEAT 850, it was however further produced for some years in Spain, also in a four-door variant. As a successor the Fiat 127 was brought to the market in 1971 which combined the 903cc push-rod OHV engine with the FIAT 128 transmission and suspension components in a fashionable fast- and later hatch-back 2-door sedan.

The Fiat 850 was also produced under the name Pirin-Fiat in Lovech, Bulgaria, on the basis of complete knockdown (CKD) kits between 1967 and 1971.

External links


1968 Fiat 850 Coupe


<- Previous Fiat car timeline, European market, 1960s-1980s Next ->
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
City car 500 126
600 133 Panda
Supermini 850 127 Uno
Small family car 1100 128 Ritmo Tipo
1300 124 131 Regata
Large family car 1500 125 132 Argenta Croma I
Executive car 2300 130
Coupé / Roadster Dino / 124 Sport Spider 124 Sport Spider
124 Coupé
Sports car 850 Spider X1/9
Panel van Fiorino I Fiorino II
Compact MPV 600 Multipla
Van 600 T 850 T 900 T
1100 BLR / ELR / I / T 238
241 242
Daily*
Ducato I
Off-road Campagnola (1101) Campagnola (1107)
*Rebadged Iveco model
Fiat S.P.A.
Current models Albea | Barchetta | Croma | Doblò | Ducato | Fiorino | Grande Punto | Idea | Linea | Marea | Multipla | Nuova 500 | Nuova Panda | Palio/Palio Weekend | Punto | Scudo | Sedici | Seicento | Siena | Strada | Stilo | Ulysse
Historic models 1 | 1T | 2 | 3.5 CV | 4 HP | 8V | 10 HP | 12 HP | Fiat 16-20 HP | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 130 | 131 | 132/Argenta | 133 | 147/Spazio | 2B | 24 HP | 242 | 500 | 502 HP | 503 HP | 508 | 508C | 509 | 510S | 514 | 518 | 519 | 520 | 524 | 574 Corsa | 60 HP | 600 | 750 | 850 | 1100 | 1200 | 1400 | 1300/1500 | 1800/2100 | 2300 | 2800 | Albea | Balilla | Bianchina | Bravo/Brava | Campagnola | Cinquecento | Croma | Coupé | Dino | Duna/Prêmio | Elba | Mod 5 | Oggi | Panorama | Panda | Regata | Ritmo/Strada | Siena | Tempra | Tipo | Topolino | Turbina | Uno | X1/9 | Zero
Fiat Group brands Abarth | Alfa Romeo | Ferrari | Fiat | Iveco | Lancia | Maserati
Major interests

CNH Global (90%): Case IHTemplate:·w KobelcoTemplate:·w New HollandTemplate:·w SteyrTemplate:·w CaseTemplate:·w New Holland Construction
Chrysler Group, LLC (20%): Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep, RAM, GEM

Commercial brands

Iveco:Template:·w IrisbusTemplate:·w AstraTemplate:·w Iveco Magirus

Defunct marques

AutobianchiTemplate:·w InnocentiTemplate:·w ZastavaTemplate:·w Seddon AtkinsonTemplate:·w Pegaso of Spain

Fiat Group Corporate Website | Fiat Auto Website